[47], A 2010 study by Huynen et al. On this page you will find the solution to Extinct New Zealand bird crossword clue. W.E. Please find below the Extinct flightless bird from New Zealand crossword clue answer and solution which is part of Daily Themed Crossword July 14 2020 Answers.Many other players have had difficulties withExtinct flightless bird from New Zealand that is why we have decided to share not only this crossword clue but all the Daily Themed Crossword Answers every single day. The moa's closest relatives are small terrestrial South American birds called the tinamous, which can fly. They were the largest terrestrial animals and dominant herbivores in New Zealand's forest, shrubland, and subalpine ecosystems until the arrival of the Māori, and were hunted only by the Haast's eagle. [60][61] In 1839, John W. Harris, a Poverty Bay flax trader who was a natural-history enthusiast, was given a piece of unusual bone by a Māori who had found it in a river bank. Clue: Extinct New Zealand bird. (2009) argued that moa ancestors survived in the South Island and then recolonised the North Island about 2 My later, when the two islands rejoined after 30 My of separation. Polack further noted that he had received reports from Māori that a "species of Struthio" still existed in remote parts of the South Island. These include: Two specimens are known from outside the Central Otago region: In addition to these specimens, loose moa feathers have been collected from caves and rock shelters in the southern South Island, and based on these remains, some idea of the moa plumage has been achieved. [22] These may eventually be classified as species or subspecies; Megalapteryx benhami (Archey) is synonymised with M. didinus (Owen) because the bones of both share all essential characters. Worthy", "Reconstructing the tempo and mode of evolution in an extinct clade of birds with ancient DNA: The giant moas of New Zealand", "Moa's Ark: Miocene fossils reveal the great antiquity of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) in Zealandia", "Moa's ark or volant ghosts of Gondwana? Similar temporal size variation is known for the North Island's Pachyornis mappini. (2005). P. geranoides occurred throughout the North Island. Like many other birds, moa swallowed gizzard stones (gastroliths), which were retained in their muscular gizzards, providing a grinding action that allowed them to eat coarse plant material. [10] The South Island and the North Island shared some moa species (Euryapteryx gravis, Anomalopteryx didiformis), but most were exclusive to one island, reflecting divergence over several thousand years since lower sea level in the Ice Age had made a land bridge across the Cook Strait. Finding an `Extinct´ New Zealand Bird By R. V. Francis Smith. [52] In 1880 Alice Mackenzie had a meeting with a large bird that she believed to be a takahe but when it was rediscovered in the 1940s, and Mackenzie saw what it looked like she knew she had seen something else. ANSWER: MOA. Most of these specimens have been found in the semiarid Central Otago region, the driest part of New Zealand. Heinrich Harder portrayed moa being hunted by Māori in the classic German collecting cards about extinct and prehistoric animals, "Tiere der Urwelt", in the early 1900s. [57][58], Dieffenbach[59] also refers to a fossil from the area near Mt Hikurangi, and surmises that it belongs to "a bird, now extinct, called Moa (or Movie) by the natives". The beak of Pachyornis elephantopus was analogous to a pair of secateurs, and could clip the fibrous leaves of New Zealand flax (Phormium tenax) and twigs up to at least 8 mm in diameter.[39]. The two main ways that the moa bones were deposited in such sites were birds that entered the cave to nest or escape bad weather, and subsequently died in the cave and birds that fell into a vertical shaft and were unable to escape. Its iconic status, coupled with the facts that it only became extinct a few hundred years ago and that substantial quantities of moa remains exist, mean that it is often listed alongside such creatures as the dodo as leading candidates for de-extinction. This is likely to have been an adaptation to living in high-altitude, snowy environments, and is also seen in the Darwin’s rhea, which lives in a similar seasonally snowy habitat. [8], Moa belong to the order Dinornithiformes, traditionally placed in the ratite group. This has resulted in a reconsideration of the height of larger moa. Examination of growth rings in moa cortical bone has revealed that these birds were K-selected, as are many other large endemic New Zealand birds. [29] It provides the position of the moas (Dinornithiformes) within the larger context of the "ancient jawed" (Palaeognathae) birds: The cladogram below gives a more detailed, species-level phylogeny, of the moa branch (Dinornithiformes) of the "ancient jawed" birds (Palaeognathae) shown above:[18], Analyses of fossil moa bone assemblages have provided detailed data on the habitat preferences of individual moa species, and revealed distinctive regional moa faunas:[10][30][31][32][33][34][35].

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